# Maths

### What Is A Z-Score And How To Calculate Them?

What is a Z-score? A Z-score, also known as a standard score, represents the number of standard deviations (SDs) a data point is away from...

### The Hardy-Weinberg Equations And How To Use Them

What is the Hardy-Weinberg principle? The Hardy-Weinberg principle, also referred to as the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, is a set of 5 assumptions which when satisfied can...

### How To Calculate The Coefficient Of Variation (CV)

What is the coefficient of variation? The coefficient of variation (CV) is a measure of precision from repeated measures. Within the lab, it is mainly...

### How To Dilute New PCR Primers

In this article, I will explain how to easily prepare PCR stock primers and how to dilute them into a working primer solution. So you...

### How To Use The Standard Error Formula

In this guide I will explain what the standard error formula is and how to use it to work out the standard error through...

### How To Perform The Delta-Delta Ct Method

What is the delta-delta Ct method? The delta-delta Ct method, also known as the 2-∆∆Ct method, is a simple formula used in order to calculate...